Training is ultimately about your personal growth in the martial arts, with each new day of training a victory over the you of yesterday. With this mindset in place we use two basic types of drills for learning and applying our concepts: cooperative and competitive drills.
A cooperative drill means that you cannot be succesful (get results)unless you and you partner do the drill in concert- working not to oppose, but to flow and stay within the confines of the drill (at least at first). When we train Hubud and all of its “shells” or variations, we have to work together to make the drill get us results. We do not compete with each other, instead I feed what the drill asks for, so my partner can learn line familiarization, sensitivity, and the counters to my angle one and angle four. I am not looking to “beat” or out-work my partner- in fact I need to be moving together with him to take the drill to the next level.
Competitive drills are what Bruce Lee believed separated traditional martial arts from what he called “alive” or “dynamic” methods of training where you perform a technique or move on a resisting opponent. He knew that things taught and developed in the quiet, safe, well lit rooms of the dojo don’t usually translate into real world applications. Here is a link to a good competitive drill from the sport of freestyle wrestling.